In Hamlet and Othello, Shakespeare criticizes the feminine issues that were present in his time, bringing awareness to the standard roles and ideal expectations of women by characterizing them in a space of being obedient and powerless. As women are portrayed as having ideal feminine values such as chastity and passiveness, the frailty of women is also brought to the surface. On the other hand, Shakespeare also seems to be suggesting that internal destruction is generated in the sense that both Othello and Hamlet have the idea that women should have feminine values, but they both create an image in their own minds while also having the effect of destroying them. As misogyny emerges as a response to men dealing with their own shortcomings in which they can’t live up, they also project their own sense of weakness.
In Hamlet’s first soliloquy, we are introduced to Hamlet’s growing sense of melancholy and disgust as a result of two horrific events as he introduces how he wishes death upon himself stating, “O, that this too solid flesh would melt, Thaw and resolve itself into a dew!, giving reason that he may be suffering from depression (1.2.129-130). As the soliloquy moves along, we begin to see depression lead to bitterness and disgust as he states, “O, God! A beast, that wants discourse of reason, would have mourned longer-married with my uncle as this illustrates his disgust on the matter being that he thinks Gertrude has damaged his father’s memory (1.2.150-151). As Hamlet is not only shocked and upset about his mothers choices, he knows that “It is not nor it cannot come to good: But break, my heart; for I must hold my tongue, as he feels himself becoming powerless (1.2.158-159).
Focusing more on Hamlet’s general thoughts on women and the treatment in which he projects over them, he makes it clear that women are separated into two categories; virgin and whore. The placement of women in this category is proclaimed when he tells Ophelia, “Get thee to a nunnery! Why wouldst thou be a breeder of sinners? and then continues on to say “For wise men know well enough what monsters you make of them. To a nunnery go, and quickly too, exemplifying his degrading thoughts on women in which he projects on Ophelia(3.1.119-136). The repetition of “Get thee to a nunnery is said not once, but multiple times as his way of making it clear that he thinks that all humans are corrupt and they’ll only destroy everything. As Hamlet’s tone is destructive and abhorrent, he insists that Ophelia’s life is corrupted with sins and that seeking for marriage is revolting to Hamlet’s offense. With Hamlet already experiencing betrayal with his own mother, he worries that Ophelia will follow in her same footsteps.
As Hamlet seeks to discover the truth of women as a whole, he mentions, “Frality is thy name is woman, in which he believes women are full of sins and that marriage should be banished. He seems to be feeling sort of resentful towards female species in general due to his experience with his mother which may have caused him to harshly reject Ophelia stating, “I did love once you once as it shows that his mother, Gertrude, had a major impact on his feelings toward Ophelia.