George Washington – The First President of the United States of America

Introduction

After the American revolution ended we decided that the nation needed a leader. George Washington, an American Revolution general, as the first president of the united states of america. From then on we have had many leaders of this country, however I am going to focus on the first three presidents of the United States of America.

Purpose and Scope

I chose to write about the first president of the United States of America because of that lack of knowledge most people have on our nation’s history. I have selected the first president of the United States of America for the purpose of informing others about the lives and accomplishments of George Washington.

This report will cover the life and presidency of the first president of the United States of America, George Washington. I will also cover some of the George Washington’s successes and failures as well as his greatest accomplishment. I will also explain their impact on the United States of America. I hope to inform others of information that few people know about the first president of the United States of America. I have also decided to address George Washington and his slaves. Many people are discrediting Washington because of his interaction with his slaves.

Assumptions

Some people have little to no knowledge of the presidents of the United States of America.

It is very important to others that we know the past of the presidents in the United States.

People want to be better educated about the past and history of the United States of America.

Limitations

This report on the first three presidents of the United States of America has an enormous amount of information, but many of these sources are opinionated. In order to make this report as genuine as possible, I needed to make sure every score was valid and accurate. Also the early life of these men was in the late 1700s and some of the sources have different stories that describe the lives these men had before their presidency.

George Washington

Early Life

George Washington was born on February 20, 1732 in Westmoreland, West Virginia. George Washington was born to Augustine Washington and Mary Ball Washington. As for the rest of young George Washington’s early life little is known. It remains the least informative parts of his life. Many well known myths and fables are used to tell the story of George Washington’s early life of honesty and physical strength. George Washington’s Father, Augustine Washington, died when he was eleven leaving his property to George’s half brothers. George helped manage the plantation along with the help of his brothers.

Education

Little is know about George Washington’s formal education. Boys usually began education at the age of seven with private tutors or private local schools. “”Wealthy planters often sent their sons to England to finish their schooling”” (“”Biography of George Washington””). Lawrence and Augustine, George Washington’s half brothers, were able to go to England to finish their schooling before their father died. But because his father died when George Washington was still young he was not was not able to continue his studies abroad. George instead had to help on the plantation. George Washington’s formal education probably ended when he was fifteen.

Surveying

George Washington joined George William Fairfax in order to survey the unexplored Virginia frontier. George Washington spent three years surveying. During this time George Washington earned a reputations for his fairness, dependability, and dependability. George Washington wanted to establish himself so he continued to work hard and saved his money until he had enough to buy some land which had remained unclaimed.

The French and Indian War

In 1753 the governor of Virginia at the time, Robert Dinwiddie, sent George Washington to relay a message to French troops to vacate the area in which they occupied. The French troops were occupying an area south of lake erie which was claimed by Virginia. George Washington’s nine hundred return trip tested his endurance. “”He hiked for days through snowy woods, fell off a raft into the ice-choked Allegheny River, nearly drowned, and was forced to spend a freezing night on an island without shelter”” (“”Biography of George Washington””). A few months later Robert Dinwiddie sent the new lieutenant colonel, George Washington, and one hundred fifty troops to Virginia. George Washington and his men were overpowered and he was forced to surrender. Although George Washington had to surrender, he was recognised for his heroic war actions and was given command over the entire Virginia military. In 1758, when Virginia was again at peace, George Washington resigned as commander of Virginia’s army and return to Mount Vernon.

Marriage and Family

“”A month after leaving the army, George Washington married Martha Dandridge Custis, a widow, on January 6th, 1759″” (“”George Washington Biography””). Martha Dandridge Custis, from the Tidewater area in Virginia, brought two young children to the marriage, Jacky and Patsy. This was George Washington’s first marriage however, it was Martha’s second marriage. George Washington had no children with Martha Washington. Both of of Martha Washington’s children died. Patsy died during an epileptic seizure at the age of sixteen. Jacky died after he visited a disease ridden continental army camp at the age of twenty six.

George Washington: The Entrepreneur

George Washington worked continuously to expand and improve his house and surrounding plantation. George Washington worked and experimented with new crop rotation, tools, crops, fertilizers, and livestock breeding. George Washington “” also expanded the work of the plantation to include flour milling and commercial fishing in an effort to make Mount Vernon a more profitable estate”” (“”Biography of George Washington””).

This map showing Mount Vernon, George Washington’s home, and all its land holdings as of 1793.

Revolutionary War

George Washington was given command over the Continental Army. George Washington’s command kept him from Mount vernon for almost eight years. George Washington was given command because of his military background, but “”He had no practical experience maneuvering large formations, handling cavalry or artillery, or maintaining supply lines adequate to support thousands of men in the field”” (“”Biography of George Washington””). George Washington was tasked with defending the New York. This proved to be a overwhelming task due to the intricacy of the waterways which gave a substantial advantage to the British and their superior navy. George Washington and his army were eventually pushed out of New York. A few weeks later However, he rallied his troops and they crossed the Delaware river and attacked the unsuspecting British fort, forcing them to surrender. For the remainder of the war it was George Washington was given the job to keeping the British contained in New York. George Washington had prevailed over the more numerous, fully trained, and better supplied British army. On December 23, 1783, George Washington presented himself to congress in Maryland and resigned as commander of the Continental Army.

The First President of the United States of America

With all that George Washington had done in the Revolutionary War and his help during the constitutional convention, George Washington was the prime candidate for the first president of the United States of America. George Washington spent the majority of his first term (1798-1793) on organizing the executive branch for the new government. George Washington also used his first term to “”establishing administrative procedures that would make it possible for the government to operate with the energy and efficiency he believed were essential to the republic’s future”” (“”Biography of George Washington””). George Washington appointed Alexander Hamilton as the Secretary of the Treasury. George Washington also appointed Thomas Jefferson as Secretary of the State and Henry Knox as Secretary of War.

The graph above shows the 1789 election where George Washington ran unopposed. North carolina and New York did not participate in the election because they had not yet ratified the constitution.

George Washington’s second presidential term was dedicated mostly to foreign affairs. “”George Washington assumed the Presidency on the eve of the French Revolution, a time of great international crisis. The outbreak of a general European war in 1793 forced the crisis to the center of American politics”” (“”Biography of George Washington””). George Washington believed the the United States of America should remain neutral through the European war. He said war would hurt the newly built economy and destroy the new nation’s finances. The country’s future relied on commerce and George Washington’s hopeful westward expansion. One of George Washington’s greatest accomplishments was keeping the United States of America out of the European war. George WAshington’s decision to remain neutral during the European war shaped America’s foreign policy.

This map shows the 1792 election where George Washington, yet again, ran unopposed. He was considered to be elected unanimously.

George Washington’s Final Years

“”On Thursday, December 12, 1799, George Washington was out on horseback supervising farming activities from late morning until three in the afternoon. The weather shifted from light snow to hail and then to rain. Upon Washington’s return it was suggested that he change out of his wet riding clothes before dinner. Known for his punctuality, Washington chose to remain in his damp attire”” (“”Biography of George Washington””). George Washington was said to have a sore throat the was getting progressively worse and more hoarse. On December 14, 1799, between ten and eleven at night George Washington passed away. A funeral was held at Mount Vernon on December 18, 1799. George Washington is remembered as a war hero, founding father, and the first president of the United States of America.

Conclusion

George Washington was a hero throughout the french and indian war, and the Revolutionary war. George Washington was also a prominent member during the constitutional convention and in the writing of our nation’s constitution. Lastly George Washington was the first president. I hope that you have learned some new information about the first president of the United States and american hero George Washington.”

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