Diabetes in the Human Body

Negative. When someone says that word it cannot be good. Rather if it is used in business, healthcare, manufacturing, or any industry. The word can really take a toll on an individual’s life, especially when they are living with diabetes. Diabetes is a disease that in which the body ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin is impaired, resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated levels of glucose in the blood and urine (Kelly 1). Individuals diagnosed with diabetes should learn the negative effects stress, depression, anxiety, and carbohydrates have on their body. Others will say “It is useless” or “I’m stuck with this disease for life, why try to fight it”, they will give up and lose hope. However, with knowing the negative effect, the individual’s life expectancy will be longer just as well as knowing the signs, symptoms, long-term effects, and short-term effects. But why stop there? Research has proven that negative effects stress, depression, and anxiety have on someone diagnosed with diabetes.

First,” Stress is essentially an imbalance between the production of free radicals and the ability of the body to counteract or detoxify their harmful effects through neutralization by antioxidants.” (Mandal 1). If the patient has problems with their surrounding or other areas of their life, it can cause the stress with doesn’t help with the blood sugar. “For those with diabetes needs to know stress can cause a significant increase in the blood glucose levels” (Scheiner 1). When diagnosed with diabetes the blood sugar is already having a hard time producing insulin, it doesn’t need any other interference. Many long-term sources of stress are mental and can cause damage to the nerves, organs, blood vessels, and you could even get eczema. For example, stress activates fat cells. “Stress can cause many people to accumulate more belly fat, the more stress you have the more cortisol is in your body and the more abdominal fat you will find.” (Melter 1). Getting stress under control can save your life and help the subject live longer, even if they are diagnosed with diabetes.

Furthermore, coping with stress is a really difficult thing to do. So many people have trouble managing with there stress with stress the American Diabetes Association has three top ways to help. The most helpful way is to replace bad thoughts with good ones, meaning think about a period in time that the person was happy. Maybe they were reading a certain poem, quote, or they have a moment when they were proud of that they did. Another way to help is breathing exercises, once or twice a day take five to twenty minutes to breathe. This helps clear their mind do they can be level headed throughout the day. The last way is progressive relaxation therapy going to a clinic or audio tapes, it  teaches you how to relax your muscles through a two- step process. First, you systematically tense particular muscle groups in your body, such as your neck and shoulders. Next, you release the tension and notice how your muscles feel when you relax them. (ADA 1). It’s really important that the patient takes the steps into helping them cope with stress so that their life isn’t cut short.

Next, anxiety is the feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease, typically about an uncertain outcome. “Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the U.S., affecting 40 million adults in the United States age 18 and older.”(NIMH 1). That is 18.1% of the population having anxiety disorders. “One study found that Americans with diabetes are 20 percent more likely to be diagnosed with anxiety than those without diabetes.” (Evans 1). When someone is diagnosed with diabetes they already have the chance of having anxiety rather than an individual without diabetes. Anxiety has a negative effect on glucose levels when someone is constantly checking their blood sugar levels, weight, and diet. The individual becomes so paranoid and anxious it makes there glucose levels spike through the roof. “People with diabetes are at higher risk for certain health complications, such as heart disease, kidney disease, and stroke. Knowing this can lead to further anxiety.” (Evans 1). Being aware of the diseases and negative outcomes of having diabetes makes the patient vigilant.

Moreover, being that there are different types of anxiety disorders such as agoraphobia, which is a type of anxiety disorder that causes people to avoid places or situations that might cause them to feel trapped, helpless, or scared. (Kivi 1).  And a high one among the men especially the ones who have been in war-Post-traumatic stress disorder also known as PTSD. This  is a debilitating anxiety disorder that occurs after experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event. While each disorder has distinct symptoms, common symptoms of anxiety including nervousness, restlessness,  being tense feelings of danger, panic, or dread, rapid heart rate, rapid breathing, or hyperventilation increased or heavy sweating. (Evans 1). The patient and their families have the opportunity to help them to know the symptoms in order to help.

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