Sigmund Freud was a neurologist and was known for founding psychoanalysis. Full name being Sigismund Schlomo Freud was born May 6th, 1856 in Freiberg in Mahren, Moravia, Austrian Empire (now known as Pribor, Czech Republic) and died September 23, 1939, in Hampstead, London, United Kingdom at the age of 83. He was married to Martha Bernays in 1886 to his death and had the had 6 children. His scientific career fields were neurology, psychotherapy, and psychoanalysis. (Wikipedia, 2018)
Sigmund Freud lived in Vienna for most of his life. (Bio) He received his medical degree from the University of Vienna in 1881 and became a clinical assistant in 1882. (Live) His research mainly focused on neurobiology (the biology of the nervous system). (Bio) After graduation, he began treating psychological disorders, which was influenced by the work of Josef Breuer. (bio) Soon Breuer ended the friendship because he felt that Freud focused too much on the sexual origins of a patient’s neuroses. (bio) In 1882, Martha Bernays and Freud became engaged and the couple got married in 1886 and had 6 children. Their youngest child, Anna Freud, followed her father and became a psychoanalyst. (bio) Freud fame saved him even though he was Jewish. Even though Nazi’s burned his books they allowed him and his wife to flee from Austria to England. (bio) He died in 1939 in England by suicide after a long-suffering from oral cancer. He requested a lethal dose to be injected into him by his doctor. (bio)
Freud published numerous works such as Studies in Hysteria’, The Interpretation of Dreams’, The Psychopathology of Everyday Life’, and Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality’. In Studies of Hysteria’, both Freud and Breuer published their theories in the book. They wrote about how when a patient confronts their trauma, it could rid them of their neuroses. (bio) In The Interpretation of Dreams’, he writes about his theory of dreams giving insight into the unconscious mind. “Many psychologists say this work gave birth to modern scientific thinking about the mind and the fields of psychology, psychiatry, and psychoanalysis. (bio) In The Psychopathology of Everyday Life’, he explains how our “slips” such as forgetting names and words and the misuse of words revealed our inner desires, fantasies, and anxieties. (bio) In Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality’ Freud believes that “sex drives human instincts” because the humans would die without it. He explains the relationship between sex and development in this book. (bio)
Some of Freud most discussed theories include Id, Ego, and Superego, Psychic energy, and Dream analysis. In Id, Ego, and Superego, they are called “the three essential parts of the human personality”. The Id is our primitive, impulsive and irrational unconscious. It operates on pleasure or pain. Ego evaluates the social and physical world to make plans. Superego guides Ego because of is moral voice and conscience. Freud believed our Superego is influenced by our parents and other role models. () Freud’s theory of psychic energy which was “the force that drives all mental processes.” () He believed that sexual urges were a psychotic energy that mainly contributes to all of our actions. () Freud wrote about his theory of dream analysis in his book The Interpretation of Dreams’. He believed that our dreams are influenced by our wishes.