Medellin Columbia was declared independent in 1810 this nation tried changing its name seven times. According to the history the culture, tranditions are very diverse since it is characterized with a society with unique customs, culture adaptations and DIVERSE social pattern. There are different groups categorized in those living at coastal , countryside and anterior regions. Despite having regional cultures they unite when it comes to national events such as elections, beauty reagent and sporting activities they come together to show a common goal. It is boarder’s two oceans namely pacific and Atlantic Ocean. The low land regions have rain forests, Inland, IIanos and the Andes. The demography shows that the country has an approximate population of 48.6 this state is known to have a mixed race. In the total population, 16% is made of mulattoes,4% Zambos and European Africans and Indians make 20% of the population.
In this nation, Spanish is used as the official language, from the colonial era. Those found at Amazon basin form the original part of the Medellin Columbian population and do not speak Spanish. English is also used in the major cities, mostly the educated and upper-class group, though not many of the residents understand or express it in the whole nation. Spanish is the means of communication in areas surrounding the urban centers.
The patriotic symbols are used in representing founders and the war of independence. The national flag was designed in the year 1806 by Francisco Miranda.The yellow and red colors in the flag were separated by blue stripe representing the ocean that separates the nation from the mother land. Yellow symbolizes riches of the country while the red is representing blood during the independence war.Food and Economy In this nation the middle class eats meals rich in Spanish traditions a meal is identified through its size and not the conent.
Diners usually is made of homemade soups, and fresh fruits the main dinner is meat or fish served with potatoes or rice. The lower class people take more of carbohydrates diet, meal end with sweet dessert from a brown sugar called ‘Panela’.The underlying economy of the nation depends on the agriculture and manufacturing exports, though there is importation of tractors industrial machinery and power generators the domestic production help boosting the economy. Although it has so many minerals and natural resources this nation GDP from the latter is less than 4% from mining.
Land Tenure and Property
According to the recent surveys, the agricultural and productive forest land is owned by specific individuals. There is variation in a relationship in owner-operator since in small pieces of land coffees are grown, and there is multinational joint ownership through the use of locally available labor agricultural plantations and forestry.
There is a problem in land distribution, and deforestation mitigation is considered in management practices and policies. Medellin Medellin Columbia is a high-risk country associated with many issues contributing to risk such as corruption, terrorism and war, environmental concerns, anti-globalization movements and poverty among others. Our tourist venture is most likely to be faced by poverty and corruption risks. The following is a risk analysis to our organization, tourist venture project.
According to the recent survey, the issues of corruption have been well known obstacles to many organizations that plan to invest in this nation. Competitiveness is challenged by corruption as confirmed by the world economic forum. In the year 2016 Medellin Columbia was ranked position 90 out of 176 nations, the ranking was based on transparency. This, therefore, gives some indication that our organization is likely to face this challenge.
Further history shows that cases of bribes to win contracts in this country are at high level, for instance, a Brazilian based construction agency paid 800 million dollars for a period not less than six years and $ 11 million to win construction contract. Such incidences have made MedellГn Columbia be on the lookout of all other nations from the world, and Medellin Columbia senior Uribe ad Santos leadership’s members are under investigations (Truong, 2017.p 8). The tourist venture might, therefore, be faced with this challenge of corruption since most of the people in the society are prone to corruption , the management , working staff and the junior staff might also get involved in corruption activities. Another potential incidence is that the current tourist ventures and organization might fear the competition and try to bribe the core stakeholders or offer those jobs to their organizations. This might impact our operation and therefore the most appropriate strategies to mitigate this have been set. The political climate of this country is associated with corruption incidences, and also the high priority infrastructure developments have been stopped due to revelation of corruption.
Since this is considered as high profile challenge in the coming elections the candidates are trying to distance themselves from the MedellГn Columbian president who is alleged to be corrupt. This might impact the tourism sector through different ways such as contributing to a reduced number of tourists, and it is important to look for ways to overcome such challenges. Through an issued decree president Santos prohibited any direct public contract with NGOs. The Secretariat for Transparency gauges that more than USD 400 million out in the open assets are resolved to contracts with establishments and NGOs contracting with such foundations has ordinarily been mishandled to take public assets. President Santos likewise reported the presentation of two anti-corruption charges before Congress, one to set up completely open registers of organization proprietors (a dedication made in May 2016 amid the Anticorruption Summit in London) and the other to overhaul the punishments in defilement offenses. Medellin Columbia has received the OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials and is an individual from the OECD Anti-Bribery Committee. It has marked and sanctioned the UN Anticorruption Convention.
Moreover, it has embraced the Organization of American States (OAS) Convention against Corruption(Pless and Fell,2017.p36) It is my view that for tourist venture and other organization to run efficiently, MedellГn Columbia still needs to enhance enactment for the insurance of informants and more straightforward and solid frameworks for open tenders. As indicated by the 2016 report from the National Civil Commission for Fighting Corruption (CNCLCC), Medellin Columbia has gained ground with the issuance of an against remuneration law as a significant aspect of the duties for the increase to the OECD. The law sets up that the reformatory duties can be exchanged from the workers to organizations, including supervisors and temporary workers fixing open hirelings of a foreign country. Poverty risk Poverty is as well another type of issue that might contribute to risk in our tourist venture in MedellГn Columbia. Considering the recent surveys this nation has shown some progress in its effort to struggle fighting against poverty though there is a big difference between the urban and rural residents.
The quarter of the population is found in rural areas .Poverty has been a major obstacle in the efforts of sustainable development in rural areas. This is the population influencing the success of any organization or business venture carried out in the country. Due to poverty many people have been ravaged to violence and conflicts. As indicated by 2009 figures, destitution influenced 46 for every penny of the aggregate populace and 64 for each penny in country regions. Extraordinary poverty affected 29 for each penny general and 40 for every penny in the rural areas. Today in rural Medellin Columbia, more than 7 million individuals are poor, and 2 million live in extraordinary neediness. A considerable lot of the last “ including little scale ranchers and individuals from indigenous and Afro-Latino relative groups “ have been dislodged from their territory and lost their advantages because of viciousness and illegal occupation (MГ©ndez et al, 2017.p 256).
In June 2011, the Medellin Columbian Government sanctioned the Victims and Land Restitution Law, which calls for money related remuneration to individuals, misled by the contention and returns the land to a great many dislodged families. In any case, fiscal imbalance remains an outstanding issue in country Medellin Columbia, where extensive landholders control vast zones of underutilized arrive. Inside and out, an expected 1.3 million rural families are landless. Half of them are utilized as workers by proprietors of medium and vast measured homesteads. The rest have created different survival techniques many are utilized in administrations, business, and other non-agrarian exercises. There are likewise considerable disparities in ways of life between the areas (McFarlane,p 234). The poorest populaces are in the bureaus of Boyac’, Cauca, Chocі, Cіrdoba, Huila, Nario, Sucre and Tolima. Destitution is unusually extreme in remote provincial p.249) regions and strife zones. Restricted access to tutoring compounds neediness and absence of education are high in agricultural groups.
Needy poor individuals are never again ordinarily little scale agriculturists who battle to expand their yield profitability. Preferably, most country family units are engaged with microenterprises. In any case, regardless of whether they homestead or seek after different exercises, rustic ladies and men are kept down by restricted access to beneficial resources “ including area, water system and money related administrations “ and to social governments, instruction, specialized help, and aptitudes preparing. The absence of framework keeps them from drawing in with competitive markets. Women and youngsters, who have the most restricted access to resources and assets, are particularly powerless against neediness. Afro-Latino people group and indigenous people groups, found for the most part in remote provincial territories, are among the nation’s poorest individuals
Mitigate Corruption risk
I Medellin Columbia has made a few enhancements as far as governing of law in the most recent decade. The present peace chats with the FARC (Medellin Columbia’s Revolutionary Armed Forces) are a reasonable side effect of expanding political dependability. Moreover, a mining blast and enhanced security conditions have driven stable monetary development since the mid-2000s. By and by, neither these improvements nor the new institutional changes advanced by the administration of President Santosв ”the new Anti-defilement Act of 2011, and the making of another Anti-debasement office in the Presidency ”have added to controlling defilement. Despite what might be expected, in Transparency International’s 2012 Corruption Perception Index, the nation got the more regrettable score in ten years, going from 57 out of 2002 to 94 out of 2012(Rose et al ,2016 .p13). Regardless of whether the nation keeps enhancing its administration execution will rely upon its ability to authorize its robust lawful system and actualize its key duties against debasement (Farnsworth et al, 2016 P.23).
Mitigate Poverty risk It’s difficult to picture. However, most MedellГn Columbians have never lived in a nation settled. The phase of one of the longest equipped clashes on the planet, Medellin Columbia has endured this inward battle for more than 50 years, which has guaranteed a large number of lives and constrained millions from their homes. In spite of these changes, Medellin Columbia has propelled much on another front “ the battle against destitution. Notwithstanding amid struggle, the nation has developed more than the Latin American normal and has cut outrageous destitution rates significantly in the vicinity of 2002 and 2014. More than 6 million individuals left neediness and, interestingly, more Medellin Columbians are thought to be white collar class than in destitution. Specialists concur that there is a remarkable open door window for a post-strife MedellГn Columbia. A World Bank financial evaluation uncovers that if the nation had found a sense of contentment for as long as 20 years, the pay per capita could have been 50 percent higher than it is today (Boron,2016.p27).
Numerous activities are now working towards a post-struggle period. The Bank, for example, bolstered MedellГn Columbia with objectives identified with the assurance, formalization, and compensation of land rights, especially to those uprooted by many years of contention. Ladies have a noteworthy part to play in this undertaking. Another extraordinary issue is the reparations given to casualties. (Spenceley and Meyer,2017.p 434) The World Bank is dealing with a multi-contributor subsidize for post-strife in Medellin Columbia, and the reserve’s initial step is to enhance the administration’s operational limit to try the aggregate reparations program. This will profit defenseless gatherings of individuals who have been casualties of the contention, for example, Afro-Medellin Columbian or indigenous groups. Endeavors have likewise been made in helping youth and powerless gatherings to advance. A peace and advancement venture has produced social, financial and ecological resources for around 90,000 recipients.
More than 600 associations have been supported by getting a greater say in civil life, which has likewise fortified the State at the neighborhood level. Different activities incorporate helping youth get away from the winding of viciousness and advance peace through expressions and music or games.
The following are my recommendations tourism should be used as the possible tool for eradicating poverty and mitigating corruption in MedellГin Columbia. The government the NGOs and all the relevant stakeholders must be included in any business ventures. All ventures related to tourism should be paying much attention to the impact of their operation on the society and their efforts in eradicating poverty and mitigating corruption should be much included in their strategic plans. The competitiveness and success in economy and through tourism can drive to poverty eradication and corruption mitigation (Truong,2017.P1-16).
Planning and development of tourism in destinations should involve a wide range of interests, including participation and representation from poor communities. During the planning and development, the poor should be included in the committees and summits strategies should as well be built based on corruption mitigation in Medellin Columbia through tourism. Impacts of tourism on poverty alleviation should be effectively monitored. The efforts of corruption and poverty mitigation should be keenly observed. The government should also support the tourism sector with resources and assets in poverty alleviation and fight corruption. In addition, much attention should be employed when it comes to access to market beneficial links should efficiently be established where the poor are also included.
Boron, V., PayГЎn, E., MacMillan, D. and Tzanopoulos, J., 2016. Achieving sustainable development in rural areas in MedellГn Columbia: Future scenarios for biodiversity conservation under land use change.В Land Use Policy,В 59, pp.27-37.Demir, E. and Gozgor, G., 2017. What about relative corruption? The impact of the relative corruption on the inbound tourism to TurkeyFarnsworth-Alvear, A., Palacios, M. and LГіpez, A.M.G. eds., 2016.В The MedellГn Columbia Reader: History, Culture, Politics. Duke University Press.Hlady Rispal, M. and Servantie, V., 2017. Business models impacting social change in violent and poverty-stricken neighbourhoods: A case study in MedellГn Columbia.В International small business journal,В 35(4), pp.427-448.Kubickova, M. and Li, H., 2017. Tourism Competitiveness, Government and Tourism Area Life Cycle (TALC) Model: The Evaluation of Costa Rica, Guatemala and Honduras.В International Journal of Tourism Research,В 19(2), pp.223-234.MartГnez, L., Short, J.R. and Estrada, D., 2017. The urban informal economy: Street vendors in Cali, MedellГn Columbia.В Cities,В 66, pp.34-43.McFarlane, C., 2016. Urban Poverty in the Global South: Scale and Nature, By Diana Mitlin and David Satterhwaite Reducing Urban Poverty in the Global South, By David Satterthwaite and Diana Mitlin.MГ©ndez-Giraldo, G.A., LГіpez-Santana, E.R. and Franco, C., 2017, September. A Hybrid System Dynamics and Fuzzy Logic Approach to Social Problem of Corruption in MedellГn Columbia. InВ Workshop on Engineering ApplicationsВ (pp. 250-262). Springer, Cham.Pless, J. and Fell, H., 2017. Bribes, bureaucracies, and blackouts: Towards understanding how corruption at the firm level impacts electricity reliability.В Resource and Energy Economics,В 47, pp.36-55.Rose-Ackerman, S. and Palifka, B.J., 2016.В Corruption and government: Causes, consequences, and reform. Cambridge university pressSpenceley, A. and Meyer, D. eds., 2017.В Tourism and poverty reduction: Principles and impacts in developing countries. Routledge. Truong, V.D., 2017. Tourism, poverty alleviation, and the informal economy: the street vendors of Hanoi, Vietnam.В Tourism Recreation Research, pp.1-16.`
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